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38. Seven Steps – Foundations A

38. Seven Steps – Foundations A

COURSE
Foundations (year A)
76 Weekly lessons/2 school years
LENGTH 
1 hour & 45 minutes
or two 52-minute lessons
AGES
Grades 3-5
& Grades 6-12
DATE
Week of May 22 – 26
2017

L E S S O N P L A N

Overview: Students have a day of Artists’ Choice, but learn the 7 steps to making art in doing so. A structured approach to creativity allows for freedom of expression and choice of subject without floundering through a lot of false starts and frustration.

T E A C H T O O L S Everything you need to get your classroom ready is in the TEACHTOOLS section, below the LESSONPLAN. This button jumps right to it. Learn the objectives and focus of each lesson, and print a prep-page PDF, including checklists and an “at a glance” outline of the lesson.

Tap any underlined words for a pop-up definition or mini-lesson. On some tablets, you may need to tap/pause/tap again to dismiss these.

That’s all you need to know. Use your tablet or smartphone, and just start teaching!

 Lesson at a Glance
1. WARMUP 15 Minutes – Students sketch figures from photos
2. Seven Steps 5 min – PDF handout
3. Inspiration 10 min – Pinboard display
4. Reference 7 min – Find it quickly
5. Practice 15 min – Several sketches
B R E A K – If dividing into two lessons.
6. Setup 5 min – For chosen media
7. Guidelines 10 min – Light lines
8. Expression 35 min – Create!
9. Cleanup 2 min – Everyone helps

STEP 1. Warmup

Students will sketch figures from photos.

15 Minutes Tap the timer buttons to open a countdown in a new tab.

M A T E R I A L S

  • 14″ x 17″ sketch pad
  • 4B pencil
  • White and kneaded erasers
  • Cheasel reference stand & clip

1. Provide Photos

Have these photo references cut out and ready for students to choose.

P R I N T
Figure Reference – 2 pages

Tap the image to open the pdf in a new tab or window. Cut images apart and have enough extras so each student gets to choose from several. CHANGE_OR_ADD_IF_NEEDED

2. Students sketch

Let them sketch these any way they like, but encourage quick sketches.

T I P: If someone gets frustrated and discouraged, have them try to make these into stick figures but still look like the reference was used.
Advanced Students in their 3rd or 4th year

To come soon

Tap to open the CREATIONS Instructions PDF. Print and cut down the middle for two instruction sheets. Provide to your advanced students so they can know the steps to follow for their advanced version of this lesson.

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 2. Seven Steps

A PDF is provided that shows the progression an artist makes from beginning to end of artwork.

5 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • PDF printout

1. Provide handout

Handout of the 7 Steps to make art. You can either make it a small poster for the classroom, or let everyone have one for their own notebooks.

P R I N T
7 Steps to Making Art – 1 page

Tap the image to open the pdf in a new tab or window. Cut images apart and have enough extras so each student gets to choose from several. CHANGE_OR_ADD_IF_NEEDED

2. Read to Class

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 3. Inspiration

Students will look at photos for inspiration.

10 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

1. Display Pinboard

As you go through, ask who likes any of these to get them talking. Make note of how diverse artists are. It’s ok to like something that doesn’t inspire someone else. That’s what makes it YOUR art.

Artwork for Inspiration

Tap the circle graphic to open the ArtSquish Pin Board for examples of TITLESTUFF to display (See our Pinterest iOS article for a quick how to guide).

2. Explain

“Inspiration comes from anywhere, but when you aren’t feeling it, the best thing to do is look at other people’s artwork. Even art you don’t like can spark an idea. Look at technique too. Use your imagination. This is what you have it for.”
Teacher, (read verbatim or paraphrase)
Teacher
T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 4. Reference

Students will find a reference.

7 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • PDF prints of people from STEP 1
  • Magazines – be cautious with content
  • Books

1. Images

Try to have a wide array of things to choose from, but not too many actual images or books. In fact, you should tell everyone they have a 5-minute time limit. Otherwise students will get lost in the search.

2. Use the Web

We only let the teacher use the web, or if your older students have their own devices and you have wifi with security features you can allow at your own discretion. It’s great to have a printer handy, or small stands to hold phones.

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 5. Practice

Students will create several sketches.

15 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • Reference photo on stand
  • 2B and 4B pencil
  • Kneaded eraser
  • Sketchbook

1. Three Types of Sketches

  1. Thumbnails – Tiny sketches without details. For composition.
  2. Gesture and rough sketches – Quick but accurate sketches that help students learn a subject. These can be thrown away afterwards.
  3. Study Sketches – longer studies to establish details.

2. Practice is NOT art

“When you make a practice work, the paper is not made into artwork. Some people have a hard time with that. It comes from the idea that everything you do is supposed to be art, but that’s not true. That would be like having a piano player’s scales made into a recording and put up on Spotify. No one wants to hear someone practice their scales”

Teacher, (read verbatim or paraphrase)
Teacher

3. Encourage Students

You need to explain that practice work is for getting the inaccurate work out of your system. Instead of erasing and fussing over the final art. Do practices and then you don’t have to erase so much.

Students will still feel inadequate sometimes. Remind them that if they don’t like their work, that is proof that they have the high standards needed to be an artist. If it drives them to go forward they will become better and more accurate.

B R E A K – This is the end of part one, if you’re dividing into two lessons.
T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 6. Setup

Students will set up for pastel, ink, or painting.

5 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • Reference on stand
  • Water tubs
  • Brushes
  • Palette or plate
  • Acrylic paints
  • Smocks
  • Paper towels
  • Pen and Ink
  • Oil Pastels
  • Blender sticks

1. Set up Your Area

2. Smocks

3. Wet Things on one Side

Keeping bruses, water tubs, and paint all on one side, ensures that they are not being toted back and forth over the artwork. This keeps accidents down!

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 7. Guidelines

Students will draw light guidelines for their artwork.

10 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • Graphite pencils for work on paper
  • A dark gray colored pencil for work on canvas

1. Draw Guidelines Lightly

Draw very light lines on selected surface. This is not the artwork. It is like a pretend drawing that you are going to trace over with the real art.

2. Erase & Modify

If guidelines are drawn lightly, you can erase and change them until you are satisfied. Then the artwork will be much easier!

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 8. Expression

Students will create their artwork.

35 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • Reference on stand
  • Water tubs
  • Brushes
  • Palette or plate
  • Acrylic paints
  • Smocks
  • Paper towels
  • Pen and Ink
  • Oil Pastels
  • Blender sticks

1. Encouragement

Encouragement is not just telling people you love what they’re doing. Especially if you don’t really like it that much!

Find one thing you believe wholeheartedly is very good, such as a color or color scheme. Or one part of the drawing that is especially accurate. Point this out and praise them for it. Students are often already upset about their work before you come by. Don’t add to that by saying critical things.

If you don’t think a student is happy, don’t just try to fix what YOU think is wrong. Ask them what they think. Ask if there is one thing that is bothering them about the work. Then help them figure out that one thing. This is a win, and is very encouraging for moving forward on their own.

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

STEP 9. Cleanup

Everyone Helps.

2 Minutes

M A T E R I A L S

  • Paper towels

1. Clean up checklist:

 Super wash brushes

• Empty water containers

• Put art supplies away (sop up runny paint before disposing of palette paper)

• Wipe tables & clean up trash

• Remove smocks

• Collect &/or distribute artwork – NAMES

• Check for personal items on tables and floors

2. Take photos of artwork!

3. Make sure you see the kids connect with parents and tell them about the class if you can!

T E A C H T O O L S  Top of Page

G A L L E R Y

Student Work • Tap to open - Scroll to view - Pinch to zoom

T E A C H T O O L S

Everything you need to make your lesson work

  1. Practice and improvement in planning and executing artwork
  2. Understanding the progression of artwork, which includes steps many people skip
  3. Accomplishment from applying information to their workflow
  4. Fulfillment by creating their own artwork

Be on the lookout for

Discouragement – It can be safe to just give up and not try. Help students win small victories. Check out Step 8 for some tips.

• Thumbnail – Very small drawings that help artists compose a work quickly. They are drawn about 1″ x 1.5″ so that it’s not easy to make details. The focus is on big shapes and values, which are helpful in composition.

• Guidelines – Very light lines on selected surface. This is not the artwork. It is like a pretend drawing that you are going to trace over with the real art.If guidelines are drawn lightly, you can erase and change them until you are satisfied. Then the artwork will be much easier.

Tip of the day: Artists who are acting out are often just trying to avoid shame by what they think of as artwork failures. See if you can help them do something small and easy that they’ll be proud of. Remind students that practicing scales is essential to playing the piano well. Why would art be different?
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F O C U S

Each bar represents how much of the lesson involves that kind of training.
Insights for the brain – Techniques for the hand – Expression for the heart

Insights
Techniques
Expression

P R E P A R A T I O N

Print your Prep-Page TO COME SOON

Tap the circle graphic to open the ArtSquish Prep-Page PDF in a new window.  – includes the Checklist, Roomprep, and a Lesson-at-a-glance overview.

R O O M P R E P : Have prints ready and references cut out. You might also have some still life objects ready.

M A T E R I A L S

  • Prints
  • Cheasels and clips to hold reference photos
  • Water tubs
  • Plastic plates or watercolor palettes if you want
  • Paper towels
  • water droppers (eye droppers)

Materials each student will need:

  • Sketch pad
  • Pencil & eraser
  • Watercolor pad OR canvas pad
  • brushes – small & medium pointed – supple but springy – white nylon is good.
  • Acrylic paints or watercolors (no white paint)
  • Palette pad
  • Oil pastels
  • Ink
  • Charcoal
Top of Page

P R E V I E W

That’s all for this year. We begin again in August.

Next Summer we hope to have our camps and workshops available. This summer you can either…

  1. Drop your subscription in June and July and then re-sign up in August
  2. Wait for us to reimburse you for the 2 months like we did last year

I N F O R M

Use this button to view our parent blog. Share the link: http://parentart.org so your student’s parents can read about the lesson each week.

About The Author

Dennas Davis

Dennas is the founder of Firstlight Arts Academy in Nashville, and also of The Art Instructor (formerly ArtSquish). He has been designing, painting, illustrating and teaching in various combinations since he learned how to hold a crayon. He is the illustrator of 24 children's books with over 5 million in print worldwide. See his paintings at http://dennasd.com

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